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Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability

Sex Offender Registration and Monitoring Triennial Review - 2018, Report No. 18-08, December 2018
 
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  • Beginning in the early nineties, both federal and Florida law have facilitated oversight of sexual offenders and predators living in Florida communities. Several entities have a role in monitoring sex offenders in Florida, including the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE), Florida Department of Corrections (FDC), Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles (DHSMV), and local law enforcement. The agencies’ various activities include monitoring, registering, verifying, and providing information about sex offenders.
  • FDLE’s sex offender registry lists more than 73,000 offenders and predators, of which, just over 28,000 reside in Florida communities. Since 2005, when the Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability (OPPAGA) was first statutorily required to review the registry, the number of registered sexual predators and sex offenders in Florida communities has grown by 53%. Sheriffs’ offices monitor all registered sex offenders and are meeting statutory requirements, adopting various strategies to fulfill them. Additionally, FDC supervises offenders sentenced to community supervision and those who have been conditionally released from prison. Also, some sex offenders are conditionally released into the community from the Sexually Violent Predator Program’s Florida Civil Commitment Center.
  • Some sex offenders are required to participate in specialized treatment as a term of their community supervision. OPPAGA’s review found a wide range of treatment costs as well as cost variability by both provider and geographic area. To help ensure reasonable rates and set standards for treatment quality, FDC entered into contractual agreements with treatment providers throughout its four regions to provide sex offender treatment services. However, many sex offender treatment providers do not operate under the parameters of a contract and are not monitored for quality assurance.
  • Sex offenders in Florida may face barriers to housing including residence restrictions, unwelcoming property managers, lack of affordable housing, and issues with employment and income. Transient offenders continue to present monitoring challenges. While the overall percentage of registered sex offenders living in Florida communities with a transient address is small (6%), some counties have higher than average rates. In addition, barriers to housing have contributed to sex offender enclave communities. Enclaves include apartment complexes, rooming houses, trailer parks, and motels that were established expressly for, or are willing to rent to, sex offenders.
  • There are local variations in emergency shelter access for sex offenders, with most communities designating a specific shelter or area of a shelter for sex offenders. In addition, some communities have ordinances that require sex offenders to self-disclose their registration status at shelters.

Which Government Program Summaries contain related information?

Department of Law Enforcement
Sexual Offenders
Community Corrections
Driver License Field Operations

What other OPPAGA-related materials are available?

  • Report No. 15-16 Sex Offender Registration and Monitoring: Statewide Requirements, Local Practices, and Monitoring Procedures,published in December 2015.
  • Report No. 12-12 Registered Sex Offenders in Florida Communities Increased to Over 23,000; Transient Offenders Present Challenges,published in December 2012.
  • Report No. 08-61 Early Learning Coalitions’ Administration and Program Support Expenses Vary Widely; Opinions Divided on Coalition Efficiency,published in October 2008.
  • Report No. 08-10 The Delays in Screening Sexually Violent Predators Increase Costs; Treatment Facility Security Enhanced,published in March 2008.
  • Report No. 06-03 Florida’s State, County, Local Authorities Are Implementing Jessica Lunsford Act,published in January 2006.

Copies of this report in print or alternate accessible format may be obtained by telephone (850/488-0021), by FAX (850/487-9213), in person, or by mail (OPPAGA Report Production, Claude Pepper Building, Room 312, 111 W. Madison St., Tallahassee, FL 32399-1475).
e-mail address: oppaga@oppaga.fl.gov


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