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State’s Drug Courts Could Expand to Target Prison-Bound Adult Offenders, Report No. 09-13, March 2009
Full report in PDF format

Drug courts provide supervised community treatment designed to divert drug-addicted offenders from the criminal justice system. The two principal types of drug court programs for adult offenders are pre-trial diversion drug courts for first-time drug offenders, and post-adjudicatory drug courts for non-violent offenders who typically have prior convictions.
  • National research has shown that drug courts can reduce the future criminal activities of offenders.
  • Effective drug court programs can help reduce prison admissions and state costs.
  • Over a three-year follow-up period, offenders who successfully completed post-adjudicatory drug courts in Florida were 80% less likely to go to prison than the matched comparison group.
  • While drug court graduates have lower recidivism rates, only half of post-adjudicatory drug court participants complete the program, and many non-completers are sentenced to prison.

Two issues—program eligibility limitations and low completion rates—must be addressed if drug courts are expanded to reduce prison admissions.

Which Government Program Summaries contain related information?

Community Corrections
Department of Corrections

What other OPPAGA-related materials are available?

  • Report No. 14-02 Expansion Drug Courts Can Produce Positive Outcomes Through Prison Diversion and Reduced Recidivism,published in January 2014.
  • Report No. 11-21 Expansion Drug Courts Serving More Prison-Bound Offenders, but Will Not Fully Expend Federal Funds,published in November 2011.
  • Report No. 10-54 Without Changes, Expansion Drug Courts Unlikely to Realize Expected Cost Savings,published in October 2010.
  • Report No. 09-06 Judicial Case Management Practices Vary Throughout State; Better Case Data Needed,published in January 2009
  • Report No. 04-61 Progress Report: Inmate Health Care Consolidation Progressing; Privatization Requires Agency Vigilance,published in August 2004

Copies of this report in print or alternate accessible format may be obtained by telephone (850/488-0021), by FAX (850/487-9213), in person, or by mail (OPPAGA Report Production, Claude Pepper Building, Room 312, 111 W. Madison St., Tallahassee, FL 32399-1475).
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