The Florida Legislature
OPPAGA script logo
Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability

Progress Report: DOE Could Do More to Reduce Costs by Improving Community Colleges’ Articulation with Universities, Report No. 03-66, December 2003
Full report in PDF format

  • Articulation between community colleges and state universities must be effective for Florida’s “2 plus 2” system to work.  Our prior report found that 20% of AA transfer students took a semester or more of lower division courses at a university.  Over half of the lower division courses taken by AA transfer students were taken for degree requirements, indicating that some university degree programs were likely not consistent with common prerequisites requirements. Taking required lower division courses after transferring to a university cost students approximately $8.7 million in tuition and the state $13.8 million in support costs over a three-year period. 
  • The Department of Education has implemented some of our recommendations, but has not addressed other needed changes.  We continue to recommend that the department improve articulation by systematically reviewing university catalogs to ensure matching prerequisites, identifying causes of unsuccessful articulation, or encouraging community college students to establish a degree track.  All 28 community colleges have developed partnerships with four-year institutions, which should reduce transfer problems. 
  • To lower state costs, the Legislature should consider requiring students to pay the full cost of excess courses.

What were our earlier findings?

Report No. 02-05 Program Review: Articulation Works for Most Community College Transfer Students, But Some Problems Continue, published in January 2002.

Which Government Program Summaries contain related information?

Education System

What other OPPAGA-related materials are available?

  • Report No. 10-43 University Implementation and State Oversight of Common Program Prerequisites Has Improved,published in May 2010.
  • Report No. 08-11 Inconsistent Implementation of Common Prerequisites Creates Barriers to Effective 2+2 Articulation, published in March 2008.
  • Report No. 04-44 Information Brief: Stronger Financial Incentives Could Encourage Students to Graduate With Fewer Excess Hours, published in June 2004.

Copies of this report in print or alternate accessible format may be obtained by telephone (850/488-0021), by FAX (850/487-9213), in person, or by mail (OPPAGA Report Production, Claude Pepper Building, Room 312, 111 W. Madison St., Tallahassee, FL 32399-1475).
e-mail address:

Reports  |  Home