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Building a National Data Collection on Victim Service Providers: A Pilot Test

Creating and Sustaining a Positive and Communal School Climate: Contemporary Research, Present Obstacles, and Future Directions

Proactive Policy: Effects on Crime and Communities

Divided Justice: Trends in Black and White Jail Incarceration, 1990-2013

Costs Rise Amid Falling Populations at California’s Division of Juvenile Justice


Impact of Providing Information to Parents in Texas About the Role of Algebra II in College Admission

Teacher Shortages and Surpluses Databurst

Early Findings From a National Survey of Developmental Education Practices


2018 South Florida Environmental Report

Florida Retirement System Pension Plan and Other State Administered Systems Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2017

Unemployment Insurance Benefits: Performance Since the Great Recession


Cigarette Smoking During Pregnancy: United States, 2016

Ready or Not? Assessing the Capacity of New York State Health Care Providers to Meet the Needs of Veterans

March 2, 2018


Victim services include any efforts to assist victims of crime or abuse with safety and security, criminal or other legal processes, recovery and stability after victimization, and other needs. This report describes the development of the National Census of Victim Service Providers (NCVSP), including the development of the national roster of entities potentially serving victims, the NCVSP data collection instrument, and the implementation and results of a pilot study conducted with 725 entities from the national roster. Results examine the feasibility of obtaining high response rates from different types of victim service providers (VSPs), experimental tests of different procedures for collecting data from VSPs, and the quality and nature of substantive information generated from the NCVSP instrument.

Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice

The Comprehensive School Safety Initiative (CSSI) is a research-focused initiative that brings together the nation’s best minds to increase the safety of schools nationwide. The initiative was a response to disturbing, high-profile incidents of school violence. Schools are mostly safe places, but when violence does occur, it can have far-reaching ramifications. CSSI is an investment in developing knowledge about the root causes of school violence, developing strategies for increasing school safety, and rigorously evaluating innovative school safety strategies through pilot programs. The initiative is focused on K-12 public schools, including public charter schools. CSSI projects require close collaborations between educators, researchers, and other stakeholders in the school community to ask the right questions, prioritize challenges, identify solutions, collect data, and make sense of the findings.

Source: National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice

Proactive policing, a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States. It developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. In response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. This report uses the term “proactive policing” to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred.

Source: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Recent data analyses on jail incarceration reveal that although significant racial disparities still exist between black and white jail incarceration rates, incarceration rates for black people are declining, while rates for white people are rising. This report dives into the data on black and white incarceration trends from 1990 to 2013, and poses several questions for further exploration that might explain why these rates are shifting. One driving factor in explaining an increase in counties white jail incarceration rate between 1990 and 2013 has been that jails stopping reporting data on Latino people.

Source: Vera Institute of Justice

Despite continuous population declines and a current population of only approximately 600 youth, California’s state youth correctional system, the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), the agency’s budget has grown each year since 2014-15. California DJJ’s cost per youth has increased annually, costing taxpayers a record high of $317,771 per youth in Fiscal Year 2017-18, an increase of over $100,000 compared to Fiscal Year 2012-13 when the DJJ population was 37% higher. Reliance on the state juvenile justice system varies widely from county to county. Counties with high DJJ commitment rates reimburse the state for only a small portion of its expenses, causing counties with minimal or no reliance on the costly state system to disproportionately foot support DJJ.

Source: Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice


This randomized controlled trial examined the impact of providing parents with an informational brochure about the role of algebra II in college access on students’ grade 11 algebra II completion rates in Texas. Parents in the 54 treatment schools were mailed brochures containing information about the role of algebra II in college access and success, as well as information about the new high school graduation options, while parents in the 55 control schools received brochures only about changes in the high school graduation requirements. Algebra II completion rates in grade 11 did not differ between students in treatment and control schools with a high percentage of racial/ethnic minority students. Algebra II completion rates in grade 11 did not differ between students in treatment and control schools with a high percentage of economically disadvantaged students. However, an exploratory analysis suggests that the effects may differ between students in low-income schools and students in schools that were not low-income schools.

Source: Southwest Regional Educational Laboratory

This report is an analysis of states' work to track teacher shortages and surpluses, and to implement the policy solutions to address these challenges. This resource includes an overview of promising practices currently being implemented, a snapshot of all 50 states' and the District of Columbia's efforts in addressing teacher supply and demand challenges, and noteworthy state policies by region across the country. Currently, 29 states maintain data systems that collect teacher supply data from preparation programs; however, only eight states address shortages and surpluses by connecting these supply data to district-level hiring statistics. Florida publishes Critical Shortage Area Reports, which outline critical teacher shortage rankings. Florida data is not broken down by program, but is used by districts for planning purposes.

Source: National Council on Teacher Quality

Judged to be academically underprepared, millions of students must take developmental education in college, and more than half never make it through or graduate. Experts argue that there are two main problems: Too many students are being placed unnecessarily into developmental courses, and the structure and traditional instructional practices in developmental education can pose barriers to student success. Educators are developing and implementing many innovations to address these issues, but little is known about the breadth and scale of reforms across the country. This brief presents early findings from a nationally representative survey of nearly 1,000 open-access and nonselective postsecondary institutions. The survey reveals that community colleges are increasingly using measures in addition to standardized tests, such as high school grade point average, to assess students’ readiness for college-level math and reading. Community colleges are also experimenting with a variety of instructional reforms, such as compressing developmental courses into a shorter time frame, offering multiple math pathways to align with different programs of study, and combining developmental reading and writing courses.

Source: Center for the Analysis of Postsecondary Readiness

Government Operations

This report documents a year of restoration, scientific and engineering accomplishments in the Kissimmee Basin, Lake Okeechobee, Everglades and South Florida coastal areas. The report also provides extensive peer reviewed research summaries, data analyses, financial updates and a searchable database of environmental projects. Findings indicate Everglades water quality continues to show improvement. Approximately 22 years of best management practices on agricultural lands have prevented 3,208 metric tons of phosphorus from flowing to the Everglades.

Source: South Florida Water Management District

This annual report covers the period from July 1, 2016, through June 30, 2017. It includes the operations and financial status of the state retirement systems administered by the Florida Division of Retirement, a summary description of the retirement plans, investment objectives and policy, actuarial reports, and historical and statistical information on active members, annuitants, and benefit payments. As of June 30, 2017, the market value of assets for the Florida Retirement System (FRS) Pension Plan was approximately $153.6 billion. This reflects a 13.77% annualized investment return. The fiduciary net position as of June 30, 2017, was $154.1 billion, an 8.66% increase over the previous year.

Source: Division of Retirement, Florida Department of Management Services

This paper examines the recent decline in the benefit recipiency rate for state unemployment insurance (UI) programs (i.e., UI beneficiaries as share of total unemployment). From 2012 to 2016, the average benefit recipiency rate was about 25% below its average from 2004 to 2007. Three factors contributed to the reduced recipiency rate: 1) several states, including Florida, have shortened the maximum potential duration of benefits below 26 weeks, which has reduced average actual benefit duration; 2) state UI administrative decisions related to continued benefit eligibility have increased the number of beneficiary disqualifications; and 3) average unemployment duration has increased since 2008, increasing the number of people exhausting UI benefits and reducing the recipiency rate.

Source: Urban Institute

Health and Human Services

In 2016, 7.2% of women who gave birth smoked cigarettes during pregnancy. Prevalence of smoking during pregnancy was highest for women aged 20–24 (10.7%), followed by women aged 15–19 (8.5%) and 25–29 (8.2%). Non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaska Native women had the highest prevalence of smoking during pregnancy (16.7%); non-Hispanic Asian women had the lowest (0.6%). The prevalence of smoking during pregnancy was highest among women with a completed high school education (12.2%), and second-highest among women with less than a high school education (11.7%).

Source: National Center for Health Statistics

Providers working in the private sector are an increasingly important part of the overall health workforce addressing veterans' health needs. This report addressed several specific research areas: assessing the demographics, training, and practice characteristics of health care providers in New York; how familiar those providers are with aspects of military and veteran culture; and provider experience with veterans as patients and with the Veterans Health Administration. A six-point definition was used to determine provider readiness: Providers must be accepting new patients, they must be prepared to treat and manage conditions common among the veteran population, they should be using clinical practice guidelines for high-quality care, they should be screening for problems that are common among veterans, they should provide accommodations for those with disabilities or mental health care needs, they should have a basic understanding of military and veteran culture, and they should routinely ask if patients are veterans, service members, or military family members. The authors determined that while timeliness was not a problem, the number of prepared providers dropped precipitously when factoring in such qualities as familiarity with military culture and screenings for military affiliation or for conditions common among veterans.

Source: RAND Corporation

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Government Program Summaries (GPS) is a free resource for legislators and the public that provides descriptive information on over 200 state government programs. To provide fiscal data, GPS links to Transparency Florida, the Legislature's website that includes continually updated information on the state's operating budget and daily expenditures by state agencies.


A publication of the Florida Legislature's Office of Program Policy Analysis And Government Accountability

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